A Timeline of Tractors
- 1853: Brothers Meinrad and John Rumely found M. & J. Rumely Co.
- 1857: James Oliver patents his chilled steel plow.
- 1893: John Froelich and a group of businessmen found Waterloo Gasoline Traction Engine Co.
- 1897: Charles Hart and Charles Parr found Hart-Parr Gasoline Engine Co.
- 1904: Holt Manufacturing Co. produces its first gas-powered tractor.
- 1906: Holt sells its first steam-powered tractor.
- 1908: Holt buys Daniel Best's tractor company. Heider Manufacturing Co. makes its first tractor.
- 1909: Cockshutt Plow Co. buys Frost & Wood Co.'s shares. Cockshutt buys selling rights for Frost & Wood harvesting and farm equipment.
Avery Co. makes a licensing arrangement with Cockshutt to sell the Cockshutt-Avery engine gang plow in Mexico, the United States, and Cuba.
- 1910: Holt registers Caterpillar as the trademark for its tractor line.
Cockshutt reorganizes as a public company.
Clarence L. Best founds C.L. Best Gas Traction Co.
Massey-Harris Co. buys Johnson Harvester Co. and enters the U.S. market.
Cockshutt buys Brantford Carriage Co., Adams Wagon Co., and Frost & Wood.
- 1911: Minneapolis Threshing Machine Co. makes its first gas tractors.
- 1912: Emerson-Brantingham Co. buys Gas Traction Co.
Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Co. contracts to make 30 to 60 tractors for J. I. Case Threshing Machine Co.
- 1914: Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Co. makes its first tractor.
Rock Island Plow Co. starts selling Heider Model B tractors.
- 1915: M. Rumely Co., Gaar-Scott & Co., Advance Thresher Co., and Northwest Thresher Co. complete reorganization, forming Advance-Rumely Co.
- 1916: Rock Island purchases Heider Tractor Co.
Rollin H. White founds Cleveland Motor Plow Co.
- 1917: Cleveland Motor becomes Cleveland Tractor Co.
Henry Ford forms the tractor company Henry Ford & Son Inc. and introduces the Fordson tractor.
- 1918: John Deere's Deere & Co. purchases Waterloo Gasoline Engine Co.
- 1919: International Harvester Co. purchases Parlin and Orendorff Co.
J. I. Case Threshing Machine Co. purchases Grand Detour Plow Co.
Wallis Tractor Co. merges with J. I. Case Plow Works.
- 1921: International Harvester's 15/30 gear drive tractor (later branded McCormick-Deering) replaces the company's earlier Titan tractor.
- 1923: Deere begins manufacturing the Model D Johnny Popper.
- 1924: Advance-Rumely purchases Aultman-Taylor Machinery Co. International Harvester introduces the Farmall tractor.
- 1925: C. L. Best and Holt integrate to form Caterpillar Tractor Co.
- 1928: Allis-Chalmers purchases Monarch Tractor Co. Rock Island stops making Heider tractors.
Massey-Harris purchases J. I. Case Plow Works.
Cockshutt makes a deal with Allis-Chalmers to sell United tractors in western Canada.
- 1929: Moline Implement Co., Minneapolis Steel & Machinery Co., and Minneapolis Threshing Machine Co. merge to form Minneapolis-Moline Power Implement Co.
Hart-Parr merges with Oliver Farm Equipment Co.
- 1930: Cockshutt starts selling Oliver Hart-Parr tractors.
Cockshutt invents the Tiller Combine.
- 1931: Allis-Chalmers buys out Advance-Rumely.
- 1932: Allis-Chalmers introduces a Model U equipped with rubber pneumatic tires made by Harvey Firestone.
- 1935: Rock Island stops its tractor production unit.
International Harvester introduces its first W-40 and WD-40 tractors.
- 1937: Oliver Farm Equipment Co. drops the name Hart-Parr from its tractors.
J. I. Case Plow Works purchases Rock Island.
- 1938: Minneapolis-Moline drops its brand name Twin City and introduces the Comfortractor.
- 1939: Ford makes its Model 9N, the first tractor manufactured with a hydraulically functioning three-point hitch system.
Raymond Loewy introduces new, streamlined International Harvester Farmall tractors.
- 1941: Minneapolis-Moline makes its first LPG-supplied tractors.
- 1942: The Case VA enters the market.
- 1944: The Oliver Corp. buys Cleveland Tractor Co.
- 1946: Cockshutt introduces its Model 30, made by Oliver, which features live PTO (power take-off).
- 1947: A new type of tractor enters the market, including the Minneapolis-Moline RTS, the McCormick Deering W6, and the Cockshutt 30.
- 1949: The Oliver 77 Standard and Cockshutt 40 enter the market.
- 1952: Cockshutt opens a sales branch in the Midwest and starts producing its Model 20 tractor.
- 1953: Massey-Harris merges with Harry Ferguson Ltd. and becomes Massey-Harris-Ferguson Ltd.
Cockshutt makes its first Model 50 tractors.
The Deere Model D enters its last year of manufacturing.
- 1957: Deere opens its branches in Germany and Mexico.
- 1958: Cockshutt introduces four new tractor models. Corporate raiders take over Cockshutt.
Massey Ferguson Ltd. buys F. Perkins Ltd.
- 1959: Massey Ferguson purchases Landini SpA, an Italian tractor company.
- 1960: White Motor Co. purchases Oliver.
- 1981: White's White Farm Equipment brand survives as Texas Investment Corp.'s WFE brand.
- 1985: J. I. Case merges with International Harvester and begins selling equipment under the Case IH brand.
White Farm Equipment Co. goes bankrupt.
Sperry Corp. sells New Holland to Ford.
Allis-Charmers sells its farm equipment division to a German company, which renames itself Deutz-Allis.
- 1986: International Harvester becomes Navistar International Corp.
- 1987: Caterpillar Inc. introduces a new kind of farm tractors, the rubber-tracked Challenger series.
- 1990: Allis-Gleaner Corp., or AGCO, manufactures and sells farm equipment under the Gleaner and AGCO Allis brand names.
- 1991: AGCO buys the White tractor line from Allied Products Corp. Ford sells New Holland to Fiat Group.
- 1993: AGCO buys the White-New Idea business along with a Coldwater, Ohio, manufacturing facility. AGCO buys the North American distribution rights for Massey Ferguson products.
Deere celebrates 75 years in the tractor business.
- 1994: AGCO buys Massey Ferguson's worldwide properties.
Case Corp. becomes a public company.
Varity Corp. sells its Massey Ferguson unit to AGCO, but keeps the Perkins engine division.
- 1995: Case introduces new Advanced Farming Systems (AFS) that use satellite technology to increase productivity.
- 1996: AGCO buys Iochpe-Maxion S.A., a farm equipment company, and Deutz Argentina S.A.
- 1999: Case and New Holland merge, becoming CNH.
- 2000: CNH buys all the shares of Flexi-Coil Ltd.
Deere updates its leaping deer trademark.